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July 8, 2010

Facts About Medical College in India

Facts About Medical College in India

Medical school in India is much like the United States in that they are institutions of higher learning that grant medical educations to prospective doctors and medical professionals. But in India, med school is called Medical College and the administration, coursework and admission processes can be very different. Traditionally, medical colleges in India were required by law to be recognized and approved by the Medical Council of India, a statutory body that enforced uniform standards of accreditation and curriculum. This body was dissolved amidst scandal in May 2010 and today the government keeps a list of the approved medical colleges in the country.

The administration of medical colleges is vastly different from that of the United States. They are owned, funded and administrated by either the government of India, state governments or private organizations. Similarly to the United States, admission requirements can differ between various parts of the country and even between institutions in the same city. The majority of students entering medical colleges must take entrance examinations as part of the admissions process or use the grades received in the final year of high school. These exams include the AIIMS Delhi, AIPGE, AIPMT Delhi, and AFMC CEE – Kerala. To attend a state-run college, students must pass the  Common Entrance Test.

There are several degrees available for students entering medical college. The MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is a five-and-a-half year program that is considered by American standards to be an undergraduate level degree, but in India, it is referred to as a graduate program. After four and a half years of schooling, students must complete one year of Compulsory Rotating Residential

Internship with the hospital associated with their respective college. To be eligible for this program, a student must have completed an HSC, (Higher Secondary Certificate) a public examination that requires at least 12 years of schooling with a scientific focus. Their studies must have included biology, chemistry, physics and students must receive a grade of at least 50% in those subjects. This program is taken in three parts. The first stage lasts for 12 months and includes education in the basic sciences of anatomy, physiology and biochemistry. The second state is 18 months longs and consists of courses in pharmacology, pathology, microbiology and forensic medicine. The last stage is 24 months long and covers ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, community medicine, general medicine, pediatrics, surgery, orthopedic surgery and obstetrics and gynecology. By American standards, graduate level course work, or post-graduate in India, can only be pursued once a student has earned an MBBS. Postgraduate degrees and diplomas include Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS) or Diplomat of National Board (DNB). These degrees can be awarded in various concentrations including: general medicine, general surgery, orthopedics, radio diagnosis,anesthesia, pediatrics, pathology, anatomy and more. Degree programs generally take up to three years to complete while diploma courses only take two years. While vastly different in some aspects of administration, curriculum and admissions, both medical schools in the United States and medical colleges in India appear to provide their students with exhaustive educations in the field of medicine.

This guest post is contributed by Kate Cunningham, who writes on the topics of online university rankings. She welcomes your questions and comments at her email Id: cn.kate1 @ gmail.com.


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